Slick roads, sharp turns, sheer physics: a car accident can happen at any time, regardless of how careful you are. The Guam Code Annotated and lending institutions require car owners to purchase insurance to protect against the risk of an accident, by setting minimum limits for required coverage. It’s important to understand these limits and the role they play in your overall financial plan.
Liability Insurance: Bodily Injury
In order to register your vehicle, Guam law requires that you purchase at least $25,000 per person and $50,000 per accident bodily injury liability insurance.
If you are in an accident, and you are at fault, this insurance will cover hospital bills for a third party: the driver of the other car you hit, or a bystander injured in the accident. The $25,000 figure is the limit of funds that your insurance company will pay out per person. If multiple third-party individuals were hurt, the maximum that this policy pays out is $50,000 for the entire accident.
If you have room in your budget, you may want to consider adding coverage for this component of your insurance. If you’re involved in a catastrophic accident, those hospital costs can be immense. If you have assets to protect, additional coverage will prevent you from having to liquidate those assets to cover the difference.
Liability Insurance: Property Damage
Guam law mandates that you retain at least $20,000 worth of property damage liability insurance. If you’re involved in an at-fault accident, and the other car is totaled, $20,000 is the maximum that the insurance company will pay to the other driver.
Just keep in mind: there are cars on Guam’s roads that cost more than $20,000 to replace, in the event of a major collision.
Comprehensive and Collision Coverage
While Guam law doesn’t mandate comprehensive and collision insurance coverage for your own vehicle, financial institutions often set minimum limits before they finance your car loan. Even if you purchased your car with cash, you should still consider protecting yourself from hefty replacement costs.
Your Vehicle: Comprehensive Coverage
Comprehensive coverage covers any non-moving damage to your vehicle. As long as the car is parked, theft, fire, falling objects, or any other damage would be covered by this policy. If you installed any anti-theft features, check for discounts
On Guam, comprehensive coverage usually doesn’t include typhoon coverage. Check with your insurance company to see if you are covered, and if not, ask for a quote. Typhoons are unpredictable, and a typhoon that lingers and intensifies can end up flooding your car or flinging debris into your car’s windshield.
Your Vehicle: Collision Coverage
If you get into an at-fault accident while your car is in motion, collision coverage will pay for damages to your car.
Both comprehensive and collision coverage will probably involve deductibles, which you’ll need to pay before your insurance policies pay out. If you have a $200-$200 policy, you’ll need to spend $200 out-of-pocket in order to fully repair your car.
The higher your deductible, the lower the cost of your monthly premiums, and vice versa. You can adjust your deductible based on what you can pay, but be sure to have that deductible amount saved up for a potential accident.
Insurance companies also offer separate policies for medical payments and protection against uninsured motorists. Just be sure that your policies don’t overlap, and that your overall coverage is set at a limit that you feel comfortable with.
Michael Camacho is the president and chief executive officer of Personal Finance Center. He has more than 18 years experience in retail banking and with financial institutions in Guam and Hawaii.